A Science Strategy For The Exploration Of Europa

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A Science Strategy For The Exploration Of Europa

A Science Strategy For The Exploration Of Europa
Author: Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309516579
Size: 12.31 MB
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Since its discovery in 1610, Europa - one of Jupiter's four large moons - has been an object of interest to astronomers and planetary scientists. Much of this interest stems from observations made by NASA's Voyager and Galileo spacecraft and from Earth-based telescopes indicating that Europa's surface is quite young, with very little evidence of cratering, and made principally of water ice. More recently, theoretical models of the jovian system and Europa have suggested that tidal heating may have resulted in the existence of liquid water, and perhaps an ocean, beneath Europa's surface. NASA's ongoing Galileo mission has profoundly expanded our understanding of Europa and the dynamics of the jovian system, and may allow us to constrain theoretical models of Europa's subsurface structure. Meanwhile, since the time of the Voyagers, there has been a revolution in our understanding of the limits of life on Earth. Life has been detected thriving in environments previously thought to be untenable - around hydrothermal vent systems on the seafloor, deep underground in basaltic rocks, and within polar ice. Elsewhere in the solar system, including on Europa, environments thought to be compatible with life as we know it on Earth are now considered possible, or even probable. Spacecraft missions are being planned that may be capable of proving their existence. Against this background, the Space Studies Board charged its Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX) to perform a comprehensive study to assess current knowledge about Europa, outline a strategy for future spacecraft missions to Europa, and identify opportunities for complementary Earth-based studies of Europa. (See the preface for a full statement of the charge.)
A Science Strategy for the Exploration of Europa
Language: en
Pages: 57
Authors: Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-01-05 - Publisher: National Academies Press
Since its discovery in 1610, Europa - one of Jupiter's four large moons - has been an object of interest to astronomers and planetary scientists. Much of this interest stems from observations made by NASA's Voyager and Galileo spacecraft and from Earth-based telescopes indicating that Europa's surface is quite young,
Space Studies Board Annual Report 2010
Language: en
Pages: 130
Authors: National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-01-01 - Publisher: National Academies Press
The Space Studies Board (SSB) was established in 1958 to serve as the focus of the interests and responsibilities in space research for the National Academies. The SSB provides an independent, authoritative forum for information and advice on all aspects of space science and applications, and it serves as the
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars
Language: en
Pages: 166
Authors: National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006-04-22 - Publisher: National Academies Press
Recent spacecraft and robotic probes to Mars have yielded data that are changing our understanding significantly about the possibility of existing or past life on that planet. Coupled with advances in biology and life-detection techniques, these developments place increasing importance on the need to protect Mars from contamination by Earth-borne
Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Spacecraft Missions to Icy Solar System Bodies
Language: en
Pages: 94
Authors: National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Planetary Protection Standards for Icy Bodies in the Outer Solar System
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-07-10 - Publisher: National Academies Press
NASA's exploration of planets and satellites during the past 50 years has led to the discovery of traces of water ice throughout the solar system and prospects for large liquid water reservoirs beneath the frozen ICE shells of multiple satellites of the giant planets of the outer solar system. During
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Categories: Electronic journals
Type: BOOK - Published: 2001 - Publisher:
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Space Studies Board Annual Report
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: National Research Council (U.S.). Space Studies Board
Categories: Space sciences
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999 - Publisher: National Academies
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A Scientific Rationale for Mobility in Planetary Environments
Language: en
Pages: 68
Authors: National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999-04-29 - Publisher: National Academies Press
For the last several decades, the Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX) has advocated a systematic approach to exploration of the solar system; that is, the information and understanding resulting from one mission provide the scientific foundations that motivate subsequent, more elaborate investigations. COMPLEX's 1994 report, An Integrated Strategy
Science and Government Report
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration
Categories: Research
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000 - Publisher:
Books about Science and Government Report
Beyond the International Space Station: The Future of Human Spaceflight
Language: en
Pages: 322
Authors: Michael J Rycroft
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002-10-31 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Y. Fujimori, Symposium Programme Committee Chair, and Faculty Member, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] isunet. edu M. Rycroft, Faculty Member, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] isunet. edu Building on the foundations provided by the International Space Station, now partially constructed and already in use in low Earth orbit, what will
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Language: en
Pages: 567
Authors: Paolo Ulivi, David M. Harland
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-09-16 - Publisher: Springer
In Robotic Exploration of the Solar System, Paolo Ulivi and David Harland provide a comprehensive account of the design and management of deep-space missions, the spacecraft involved – some flown, others not – their instruments, and their scientific results. This fourth volume in the series covers the period 2004 to